Soil Fertility Managment

Soil organic matter levels and most soil macronutrient levels have increased over time on Woodleaf Farm. Micronutrients have also mostly increased over time at Woodleaf farm. Carl applies yard waste compost 2 to 4 times a year at 2 tons per acre. He also applies chipped branch wood from mowed tree prunings annually, mowed ground cover/living mulch residue 2-4 times annually, minerals at tree or vegetable crop planting and when soil tests indicate the need, and foliar mineral sprays regularly throughout the season. Minerals applied at Woodleaf include:

• Kelp for micronutrients.
• Solubor for boron.
• Manganese sulfate 31% for manganese.
• Ferrous sulfate for iron and pH adjustment.
• Limestone with 33% calcium.
• Gypsum with 22% calcium and 16% sulfur.
• Soil Sulfur (92%).
• Sulfate of potash with 50% potassium and 18% sulfur.
• Azomite (an ancient seabed deposit).
• Activate (a humate).
• Nutra-min (an ancient seabed deposit).

Here at Woodleaf Farm soil tests are done every three years and minerals are added to perfectly balance the soil for healthy disease resistant plants that taste great too!
Here at Woodleaf Farm soil tests are done every three years and minerals are added to perfectly balance the soil for healthy disease resistant plants that taste great too!
After taking a soil test minerals are mixed together then added to the soil.
After taking a soil test minerals are mixed together then added to the soil.
Adding a mix of minerals to balance the soil.
Adding a mix of minerals to balance the soil.
Apple trees growing in a nursery using clover to protect the soil from the sun.
Apple trees growing in a nursery using clover to protect the soil from the sun.
Newly planted trees getting two shovel fulls of compost to smother competing ground cover and to give added nutrition.
Newly planted trees getting two shovel fulls of compost to smother competing ground cover and to give added nutrition.
Farming vegetables with minimal tillage using winter weeds and bell beans to out compete summer weeds and grasses.
Farming vegetables with minimal tillage using winter weeds and bell beans to out compete summer weeds and grasses.
Grass mulch protecting the soil in a small melon field.
Grass mulch protecting the soil in a small hillside field. (the wild turkeys loved turning up this mulch a few weeks later in the season and so not too many melons)
Lavender and tomatoes grown without tillage.
Lavender and tomatoes grown without tillage.
Prunings are placed in the middle of the row and will get mowed as soon as possible.
Prunings are placed in the middle of the row and will get mowed as soon as possible.
Two or three passes with the mower to break up the prunings as small as possible.  Soils with lots of biological activity can break down the chipped branch wood in just a few months.

Two or three passes with the mower to break up the prunings as small as possible. Soils with lots of biological activity can break down the chipped branch wood in just a few months.
Draining overly saturated fields with farm rocks and perforated plastic pipe.
Draining overly saturated fields with farm rocks and perforated plastic pipe.
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